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Petikan Dari Berita Harian


PERSATUAN PERUBATAN HOMEOPATHY BUMIPUTERA MALAYSIA (PPHBM): SUARA MPHM 3 - FLU A (H1N1)

Berita Harian, Sabtu – 20 Februari 1999, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) – Pihak Berkuasa Kawalan Dadah (PBKD), Kementerian Kesihatan telah membuat keputusan mengecualikan ubat homeopati daripada didaftarkan dengan Kementerian Kesihatan. Keputusan ini dibuat kerana bahan aktif tunggal yang terdapat dalam ubat homeopati adalah bahan yang sudah diproses mengikut kaedah homeopati dan tidak mengandungi bahan molekul ubat, jadi ianya tidak mengandungi bahan kimia dan kesan sampingan.

Remedi homeopati amat selamat digunakan dan boleh diharapkan untuk memberi harapan kepada semua pesakit-pesakit kronik (lama) yang biasanya menderita akibat kesan sampingan yang dihasilkan oleh perubatan konvensional (moden).

Bukanlah menolak konsep perubatan konvensional tetapi perubatan homeopati memberi alternatif kepada pesakit untuk memilih jenis perubatan yang memberi manfaat kepada mereka. Perubatan konvensional diperlukan di saat pesakit mengalami serangan akiut (tiba-tiba) seperti asthma, sakit jantung dan demam panas. Selepas kesakitan akiut telah dikawal pesakit boleh memilih untuk meneruskan rawatan dengan kaedah homeopati yang lembut dan tidak mendatangkan kesan sampingan yang teruk

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http://drhomeopathy.wordpress.com/info-homeopathy/

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Friday, March 25, 2011

PSORIASIS






















Psoriasis is a chronic, recurring disease that causes one or more raised, red patches that have silvery scales and a distinct border between the patch and normal skin.

  • A problem with the immune system may play a role.
  • Characteristic scales appear on various parts of the body in large or small patches.
  • This disease is treated with a combination of exposure to ultraviolet light (phototherapy) and drugs applied to the skin and taken by mouth.
The patches of psoriasis occur because of an abnormally high rate of growth of skin cells. The reason for the rapid cell growth is unknown, but a problem with the immune system is thought to play a role. The disorder often runs in families. Psoriasis is common and affects about 1 to 5% of the population worldwide. Light-skinned people are at greater risk, whereas blacks are less likely to get the disease.



Symptoms

Psoriasis begins most often in people aged 10 to 40, although people in all age groups are susceptible.
It usually starts as one or more small patches on the scalp, elbows, knees, back, or buttocks. The first patches may clear up after a few months or remain, sometimes growing together to form larger patches. Some people never have more than one or two small patches, and others have patches covering large areas of the body. Thick patches or patches on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, or skinfolds of the genitals are more likely to itch or hurt, but many times the person has no symptoms. Although the patches do not cause extreme physical discomfort, they are very obvious and often embarrassing to the person. The psychologic distress caused by psoriasis can be severe. Many people with psoriasis may also have deformed, thickened, and pitted nails.
Psoriasis persists throughout life but may come and go. Symptoms are often diminished during the summer when the skin is exposed to bright sunlight. Some people may go for years between occurrences. Psoriasis may flare up for no apparent reason or as a result of a variety of circumstances. Flare-ups often result from conditions that irritate the skin, such as minor injuries and severe sunburn. Sometimes flare-ups follow infections, such as colds and strep throat. Flare-ups are more common in the winter and after stressful situations. Many drugs, such as antimalarial drugs, , and beta-blockers, can also cause psoriasis to flare up.
Some uncommon types of psoriasis can have more serious effects. Psoriatic arthritis produces joint pain and swelling. Erythrodermic psoriasis causes all of the skin on the body to become red and scaly. This form of psoriasis is serious because, like a burn, it keeps the skin from serving as a protective barrier against injury and infection. In another uncommon form of psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, large and small pus-filled blisters (pustules) form on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Sometimes, these pustules are scattered on the body.

Treatment

Many drugs are available to treat psoriasis. Most often, a combination of drugs is used, depending on the severity and extent of the person's symptoms.

Topical Drugs: Topical drugs (drugs applied to the skin) are used most commonly. Nearly everyone with psoriasis benefits from skin moisturizers (emollients). Other topical agents include corticosteroids, often used together with calcipotriene, a vitamin D, Ergocalciferol derivative, or coal tar or pine tar. Tazarotene or may also be used. Very thick patches can be thinned with ointments containing salicylic acid, which make the other drugs more effective. Many of these drugs are irritating to the skin, and doctors must find which ones work best for each person.

Phototherapy: Phototherapy (exposure to ultraviolet light) also can help clear up psoriasis for several months at a time. Phototherapy is often used in combination with various topical drugs, particularly when large areas of skin are involved. Traditionally, treatment has been with phototherapy combined with the use of psoralens (drugs that make the skin more sensitive to the effects of ultraviolet light). This treatment is called PUVA (psoralens plus ultraviolet A). Some doctors are now using narrow-band ultraviolet B (UVB) treatments, which are equally effective but avoid the need to use psoralens and the side effects they cause, such as extreme sensitivity to sunshine.

Oral Drugs: For serious forms of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, drugs taken by mouth are used. These drugs include cyclosporine, methotrexate, and acitretin. Cyclosporine is an immunosuppressant drug that may cause high blood pressure and damage the kidneys. Methotrexate interferes with the growth and multiplication of skin cells. Doctors use methotrexate to treat people whose psoriasis does not respond to other forms of therapy. Liver damage and impaired immunity are possible side effects. Acitretin is particularly effective in treating pustular psoriasis but often raises fat (lipid) levels in the blood and might cause problems with the liver and bones. It can also cause birth defects and should not be taken by a woman who might become pregnant.


Phototherapy: Using Ultraviolet Light to Treat Skin Disorders 

For many years, people have known that exposure to sunlight is helpful for certain skin disorders. Doctors now know that one component of sunlight – ultraviolet (UV) light – is responsible for this effect. UV light has many different effects on skin cells, including altering the amounts and kinds of chemicals they make and causing the death of certain cells that can be involved in skin diseases. The use of UV light to treat disease is called phototherapy. Psoriasis and atopic dermatitis are the disorders most commonly treated with phototherapy.
Because natural sunlight exposure varies in intensity and is not practical for a large part of the year in certain climates, phototherapy is nearly always performed with artificial UV light. Treatments are given in a doctor's office or in a specialized treatment center. UV light, which is invisible to the human eye, is classified as A, B, or C, depending on its wavelength. Ultraviolet A (UVA) penetrates deeper into the skin than ultraviolet B (UVB). UVA or UVB is chosen based on the type and severity of the person's disorder. Ultraviolet C is not used in phototherapy. Some lights produce only certain specific wavelengths of UVA or UVB (narrow-band therapy), which are used to treat specific disorders. Narrow-band therapy helps limit the sunburning associated with phototherapy.
Phototherapy is sometimes combined with the use of psoralens. Psoralens are drugs that may be taken by mouth before treatment with UV light. Psoralens sensitize the skin to the effects of UV light, allowing shorter, less intense exposure. The combination of psoralens plus UVA is known as PUVA therapy.
Side effects of phototherapy include pain and reddening similar to sunburn with prolonged exposure to UV light. UV light exposure also increases the long-term risk of skin cancer, although the risk is small for brief courses of treatment. Psoralens often cause nausea. In addition, because psoralens enter the lens of the eye, UV-resistant sunglasses must be worn for at least 12 hours after undergoing PUVA therapy.

 

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